A quick look at the generator bids across Sunday 23rd August 2021 (when Solar temporarily eclipsed Coal)


It was eight days ago (on Sunday 15th August) that the NEM set a new record for minimum Operational Demand (down at 15,061MW on 13:00 on Sunday 15th August 2021) … that’s a record that the AEMO noted yesterday was already a week later (down at 14,193MW)!

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The weekend just past was one in which I was focused historically (including on Sunday 24th January 2021) but that did not stop new milestones being achieved.  One of these was noted by Dylan McConnell here:

2021-08-22-at-12-04-Tweet-DylanMcConnell

Certainly not wanting to post another long article, after this morning’s ‘War and Peace’ effort, I thought I would take a quick look:

 

(A)  Prices

The weekend was another warm one, at least in Brisbane (feels like winter has already left) – and so it’s no surprise, really, that Underlying Demand is low and (with the sunshine) solar production was up.  Adding those together means low Operational Demand again, and also negative prices.

Here’s a quick view of what was happening at 12:05 on Sunday 22nd August (i.e. when Dylan tweeted the above) seen via Time Travel in ez2view:

2021-08-22-at-12-05-ez2view-australia

Note the negative prices across all 4 x mainland regions (especially negative in South Australia) – and also that it was the Lower prices that were somewhat elevated (for Regulation FCAS and Contingency FCAS 60 seconds) as a result of the plant mix deployed.

Also, I have a vague recollection that the NEM-wide chart shown in the bottom-right should be accessible to a fairly broad range of people who log in at this ‘Dashboards’ site, as a live updating trend.

 

(B)  Coverage elsewhere

No surprise that the weekend milestone (i.e. solar production was more than coal production for an instant in time)  that this has since been covered in the usual places:

1)  In RenewEconomy on Sunday, Giles Parkinson wrote about ‘Solar exceeds coal for first time, as renewables set new records on Australia’s main grid’.

2)  In the Guardian early Monday, Royce Kurmelovs wrote about ‘Solar power in Australia outstrips coal-fired electricity for first time’.

3)  Not so quick off the mark at PV Magazine, but I’d expect to see an article there very soon!

PS – on 24th August, Bella Peacock had published about how ‘Solar eclipses coal for first time, setting renewable record’ for PV Magazine.

 

What did surprise me a whole lot more was the article ‘Solar power gets its moment in the sun, eclipsing coal’ by Perry Williams in the Australian today … particularly when it appears in people’s twitter feeds like this when they link to it:

2021-08-23-Tweet-referencing-TheAustralian

 

There are bound to be other references elsewhere … I have not checked at this point.

 

(C)  How did generators bid through the weekend?

Out of curiosity, I used one of the early-release copies of ez2view v9.0 (v9.1 under active development, and coming ASAP!) we have running in order to review what happened with generator bids over the weekend – here’s a ‘Bids and Offers’ widget view of all the supply-side offers, no matter what fuel type:

2021-08-23-at-12-15-ez2view-BidsOffers

As noted on the image, this ez2view snapshot shows a sizeable volume of un-dispatched capacity bid at or below $0/MWh for the period.

Delving in further, by filtering down to just Wind and Large Solar plant, we see a more nuanced picture of some of what this all meant for these Semi-Scheduled plant:

2021-08-23-at-12-25-ez2view-BidsOffers-SolarandWind

As we see here, in addition to the un-dispatched volume shown in the blue ranges, there was also a sizeable volume of wind and solar rebid* above $0/MWh (and sometimes all the way to the Market Price Cap) in order to avoid generating at times when the price is negative.

*  The requirement for Wind Farm and Large Solar Farms to do this (and not just switch off when they do not like the price) was confirmed by the AEMC in March 2021 following a process commenced with the AER Issues Paper of June 2020, and which we followed closely on WattClarity.

Note also, in the ez2view chart above, that the aggregate energy-constrained Availability for Wind and Solar was significantly higher on Sunday than it was for Saturday or Friday daytimes.  So not only was dispatch of Semi-Scheduled wind and solar lower on Sunday than Saturday, the capability was higher as well … hence a large amount of unused capacity.

 

(D)  Challenges ahead!

Whilst the weekend provided milestones for renewables penetration, and also for low coal generation, it also presented another moment to reflect on some of the challenges ahead – something not lost on a number of people, including Ariel Liebman on Twitter earlier today:

2021-08-23-Tweet-ArielLiebman

… and it also feeds into this conversation on LinkedIn that’s been running over the past week or so:

2021-08-23-LinkedIn-ChristiaanZuur

As noted in that thread yesterday, this is something that a number of us (i.e. authors, and a number of analysts) are all separately thinking through as part of the GenInsights21 project … with the plan being that we’ll coalesce the discrete bundles of thoughts into another Appendix included in the report before it is released.

About the Author

Paul McArdle
One of three founders of Global-Roam back in 2000, Paul has been CEO of the company since that time. As an author on WattClarity, Paul's focus has been to help make the electricity market more understandable.

1 Comment on "A quick look at the generator bids across Sunday 23rd August 2021 (when Solar temporarily eclipsed Coal)"

  1. Some big issues coming, no doubt. I wonder at the priorities of the ‘influential’ people, and what’s more important to them – more RE no matter what, or a working system… because we are fast approaching disaster.

    We currently have an energy ‘security’ board – because clearly the market rule maker (AEMC), rule regulator (AER) and operator (AEMO) aren’t capable of maintaining the ‘security’ of the system.

    It’s not that difficult.

    1. Restrict the semi-scheduled category to plant below 30 MW nameplate capacity.
    2. Limit PPAs to 20% of a plant’s annual output.
    3. Constrain rooftop solar to consumption only (unless a battery is configured to complement the grid)

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