A short article today (especially for those for whom the islanding of South Australia in February 2020 is now but a distant memory) that’s a reminder that the repair work has not been completed more than 13 months on…. but it’s drawing closer now.
(A) Outage from Friday 12th March to Friday 19th March
Market Notice 83206 – published today at 14:16 Wednesday 10th March 2021 says the following:
Notice ID : 83206
Notice Type ID : Subjects not covered in specific notices
Notice Type Description : MARKET
Issue Date : Wednesday, 10 March 2021
External Reference : Planned outage of Moorabool – Mortlake 500 kV line in the Victoria region from 12 – 19 March 2021
AEMO ELECTRICITY MARKET NOTICE
The Moorabool – Mortlake 500 kV line in the Victoria (VIC) region is planned to be out of service from 12 March 0500hrs to 19 March 1730hrs 2021.
A credible contingency event during this planned outage could cause synchronous separation of the South Australia (SA) region from the rest of the NEM. If separation occurs, load may be interrupted due to the operation of the Automatic Under Frequency Load Shedding (AUFLS) scheme in SA.
The credible separation contingency is managed as follows:
– When power transfer is from SA to Victoria, contingency lower FCAS will be sourced from SA.
– When power transfer is from Victoria to SA, due to the 47-52Hz island separation frequency band advised by the SA jurisdiction, contingency raise FCAS is not sourced in SA and the AUFLS scheme may respond to low frequency events.
– Power transfer will be restricted on Victoria – South Australia interconnector (Heywood interconnector) to manage system security following the loss of the next contingency.
Forecast capacity reserves in the SA region are currently sufficient to meet electricity demand during the planned outage.
The following constraint sets have been invoked for this outage:
Refer to AEMO Network Outage Schedule (NOS) for further details.
To look further into the information above we can quickly open up ez2view (now version 8) as follows:
(B) A quick look at the Constraint Sets to be invoked
The Market Notice speaks of two particular Constraint Sets that are scheduled to be invoked (the AEMO lingo term meaning ‘used’) for the coming week (i.e. from this Friday morning 12th March to next Friday evening 19th March):
(B1) Constraint Equations, and Constraint Sets
A quick reminder that Constraint Equations are invoked in Constraint Sets (there can be just one, or many, Constraint Equations in a Constraint Set). The membership of a Constraint Set can vary over time, so the timing is important!
It’s the Constraint Equation that will, under certain market conditions, affect the Dispatch Target of DUIDs for Scheduled Generators/Loads, or Semi-Scheduled Generators, and also the Dispatch Target Flow on the interconnectors. To understand what could be affected, you need to look into what’s on the Left-Hand Side (LHS) of each individual Constraint Equation, and the relative factors.
Our ez2view software can help with all of this.
(B2) The ‘S-X_BC_CP’ Constraint Set
Here’s a view of the current composition of the ‘S-X_BC_CP’ Constraint Set – which we see is related to what happens when both Black Range series capacitors are bypassed because of outage.
As noted, there are 10 Constraint Equations that are currently members of this Constraint Set (all of which are currently showing no data, as none of them are invoked currently – in this Set, or any other Set).
(B3) The ‘V-MLMO’ Constraint Set
There are many more (i.e. than 10) Constraint Equations as members of the second Constraint Set:
We can see that this one, the ‘V-MLMO’ Constraint Set, relates to ‘[outage on the] Moorabool to Mortlake (MLTS-MOPS) No. 2 500 kV line, TRTS 500kV centre CB fail timer set to zero, APD-HYTS No.2 line offloaded’ … and the constraint equations contained help to give effect to what’s noted above in the Market Notice about FCAS support.
In tomorrow’s talk by Marcelle Gannon (for those who are listening) watch out for numbers that will help to reveal the scale of the cost of that outage for South Australian generators in their full year results for calendar 2020!
PS1 (on Thu 11th March) information from AEMO
In an AEMO information call today there were other questions asked about this planned network outage, as a result of which the following prior information from AEMO was mentioned.
I’ve copied it in here as a service to those WattClarity readers who are interested:
On 31 January 2020, there was a collapse of a number of steel transmission towers on the double circuit Moorabool – Mortlake and Moorabool – Haunted Gully 500 kV lines (MLTS-MOPS and MLTS-HGTS lines). This was due to a severe convective downburst during thunderstorm activity. This resulted in the separation of the Mortlake Power Station, the APD Portland aluminium smelter and South Australia from the rest of the NEM for 17 days.
Both circuits were restored using temporary structures. Outages are now required to return the circuits to the rebuilt permanent structures.
The outage programme consists of a continuous 7-day outage of the HGTS-MLTS circuit followed by a separate continuous 7-day outage of the MLTS-MOPS circuit to allow transfer of the circuits from the temporary to the permanent structures.
During each of these two outages there will be no recall. If significant issues occur during the early stages of one of the outages, then work will be reversed to restore the circuits to their original condition. If the issues occur in the later stages of the outage, then work will continue so that the circuit will be restored in its new arrangement.
In the interim AEMO will take action, including directions, to maintain system security, reliability and supply.
At this stage, these outages are currently proposed as follows:
Outage #1) MLTS-HGTS:
At the time was planned for 16:00 on 6 December to 13 December 2020
Was eventually completed 27th Feb to 3rd March 2021
Outage #2) MLTS-MOPS:
Originally planned for 16:00 on 13 December to 21 December 2020
As noted in this article, starts Friday 12th March 2021.
Risks associated with these outages
During these planned outages loss of another 500kV circuit in the area would lead to
• Islanding of the South Australian Region
• Interruption of supply to the Alcoa Portland Smelter
• Disconnection of some local generation from the system
o For the MLTS-HGTS circuit this will be Mortlake PS and Dundonnell and Portland wind farms.
o For the MLTS- MOPS circuit this will be Macarthur, Stockyard Hill and Portland wind farms.
These risks will be managed by:
• An assessment process (as detailed below) to ensure that an outage will not proceed if power system security issues are forecast;
• A contingency plan which will reduce, to some extent, the risk of prolonged interruption to the Portland Smelter; and
• Switching arrangements to manage risks to local generation.
Challenges presented by these outages
There are a number of requirements that need to be met to maintain system security during these outages and to ensure that system security can be restored for the extended SA Island following a credible contingency:
• for suitable generation combinations to ensure adequate system strength;
• to manage the largest allowable generator contingencies when islanded (including likely loss of rooftop PV); and
• to manage mid-day minimum demand conditions.
These are becoming increasingly demanding due to the continued growth in rooftop solar capacity in SA. AEMO is working with SAPN and ElectraNet to manage these challenges.
Impact of these planned outages
The impact of these planned outages on generation (excluding impact if a contingency event occurred) is as follows:
MLTS-HGTS Outage (now completed)
• Victoria to South Australia transfer on the Heywood interconnector will be limited up to 50 MW.
• South Australia to Victoria transfer on the Heywood interconnector transfer will be limited up to 250 MW.
• Macarthur wind farm will be constrained to zero MW.
• Mortlake power station and Dundonnell wind farm may be constrained to manage voltage unbalance issues.
• Stockyard Hill windfarm may also need to be constrained to 0 MW .
MLTS-MOPS Outage (starts Friday)
• Victoria to South Australia transfer on Heywood interconnector is up to 250 MW in both directions. In addition:
When Mortlake (MOPS) + Dundonnell wind farm (DDWF) are generating:
○ DDWF + MOPS + SA-VIC interconnector flow ≤ 150 MW
○ VIC-SA interconnector flow – (DDWF+MOPS) ≤ 150 MW
When Mortlake + Dundonnell are not generating:
○ VIC-SA Heywood interconnector transfer should be limited up to 50 MW.
• Mortlake power station and Dundonnell wind farm will be constrained, to manage Heywood interconnector flow (as shown above)
• Stockyard Hill wind farm will be constrained to 0 MW.
• Macarthur wind farm will be unconstrained.
Risks to the timeframe:
• Weather – Due to crane work and worker safety, AusNet may only work during suitable weather conditions. During times of strong winds and lightning storms there may be a delay to the work program.
• Any system security issues that may arise which may cause a delay to the outages.
The assessment of the first of these two outages (MLTS-HGTS) is proceeding as follows
1. Short term timeframe assessment – this will be conducted on Friday 4 December. A conditional approval is likely to be given at this stage requiring certain outstanding issues to be resolved before the outage can proceed.
2. Pre-Dispatch time frame assessment – this will be conducted during PM Saturday 5 December to identify any changes in system conditions that have occurred since the short-term assessment was completed.
3. Final assessment will be conducted on the afternoon of Sunday 6 December to determine whether or not permission to proceed on this outage will be granted by AEMO.
A similar process will be followed for the second outage, currently planned to commence on 13 December.
Basis of Assessment
Permission to proceed will not be granted for an outage if forecasts at the time of assessment indicate that this outage would, at any point over its duration, result in:
• reserve issues (LOR2 conditions) in Victoria or South Australia NEM region;
• a failure to meet system security requirements (in particular the requirements previously outlined for SA island operation) after taking into account any directions that would be required regardless of whether this outage proceeds or not.
Each of the two outages will be assessed separately.
A review of current forecasts for the initial outlook period during the first outage (MLTS-HGTS) indicates that not all conditions that will be required under the assessment will be met. However, this may change over the next two days.
Any changes or updates related to outages can be found on the AEMO website at: